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ACT English Test - 3

Modern Germany (1)One of the most powerful nation in western Europe, as well as the most influential member in the European Union, Germany as we now know it was only formed in 1990, when East Germany and West Germany re-unified after the fall of the Berlin Wall. (2)Split after World War II into two separate countries, under two different political and economic systems-split, that is, into a socialist country and a capitalist country-Germany's emergence as a single nation reshaped the modern world and (3)merits close studied.

East Germany had been occupied by Soviet troops during World War II, meaning that it was reconstituted under a socialist regime (4)in the postwar Period. The United States, France, and the United Kingdom had occupied West Germany, installing capitalist modes of production as their portion of the former Third Reich rebuilt itself. Berlin, once the capitol city of the Reich, was split down its heart. (5)Armed guards patrolled the length of the now-infamous barrier between East and West Germany-this, of course, is the Berlin Wall.

In almost all aspects of life, East and West Germany underwent (6)drastics shifts during the rebuilding of the two nations. West Germany experienced what has since been called an (7)economic miracle: aid from NATO countries helped induce a boom, resulting in increased industrial production as well as exports and imports. (8)By contrast, the most significant changes in East Germany were not economic but political and social, and negative overall: (9)the day-to-day livings of East German citizens were stifled by a culture of surveillance and fear. (10)If they dared to dissent, those citizens arguing with official party politics were detained, tortured, and often killed by the Stasi, or state police.

Certain words and phrases are underlined and numbered in the passage above. For most questions, you are to choose the answer that best expresses the idea, makes the statement grammatically correct for standard written English, or is worded most consistently with the style and tone of the passage as a whole. If you think the original version is best, choose "No change." You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole.

1.
A) No change.
B) One of the most European powerful nations,
C) Of nations in Europe the most powerful,
D) One of the most powerful nations in Europe,


2.
A) No change.
B) Split after World War II into two separate countries, from two different political and economic systems-split, that is, from a socialist country and a capitalist country-Germany's emergence
C) Split after World War II into two separate countries, under two different political and economic systems-split, that is, into a socialism country and a capitalism country-Germany's emergence
D) Split after World War II into too separate countries, under too different political and economic systems-split, that is, into a socialist country and a capitalist country-Germany's emergence


3.
A) No change.
B) has been studied closely.
C) should be studied more closely.
D) merits close study.


4.
A) No change.
B) in the postwar period.
C) in the Postwar period.
D) in the Postwar Period.


5.
A) No change.
B) Armed guards patrolled the length of the now-infamous barrier between East and West Germany-this, of course, was the Berlin Wall.
C) Armed guards patrol the length of the now-infamous barrier between East and West Germany-this, of course, is the Berlin Wall.
D) Army guards patrolled the length of the now-infamous barrier between East and West Germany-this, of course, was the Berlin Wall.


6.
A) No change.
B)drastics shift
C) drastic shifts
D)shifting drastically


7.
A) No change.
B)economic miracle, while aid from NATO countries
C) economic miracle! Aid from NATO countries
D) economic miracle for aid from NATO countries


8.
A) No change
B) Moreover,
C) In conclusion,
D) Similarly,


9.
A) No change.
B) the day-to-day lives
C) the day to day livings
D) living day to day


10.
A) No change.
B) If citizens could dare to dissent from official party politics, they were detained, tortured, and often killed by the Stasi, or state police.
C) The Stasi, or state police, detained, tortured and often killed those citizens who dissented from official party politics.
D)Detainment, torturing, and killing often awaited those citizens who dissented from official party politics.




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