Last Updated: February 23, 2021

TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language)

What is TOEFL?

TOEFL stands for Test of English as Foreign Language, is an exam required by most US and Canadian universities to prove proficiency (especially for international students coming from countries where English is not a native language) in English. It measures your listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills to perform academic tasks in English. Many Universities in Europe and other countries also accept TOEFL (IELTS is popular outside the USA). The popularity of TOEFL is growing and its score is accepted for Immigration to NZ, Australia!

More than 10,000 colleges in 100+ countries accept TOEFL score.

There are two formats for the TOEFL test. The format you take depends on the location of your test center. Most test-takers take the TOEFL iBT (iBT stands for Internet Based Test) test. Test centers that do not have Internet access offer the Paper-based Test (PBT).

How much does the TOEFL cost?

TOEFL cost ranges from US$180 to US$300 (depending on country/location). But the additional charges incurred for other services are as follows:
Late RegistrationUS $40
ReschedulingUS $60
Reinstatement of canceled scoresUS $20
Additional score reportUS $20 each
Speaking or Writing Score ReviewUS $80 each

Starting August 1,2019 TOEFL test has been shortened to 3 hours. It used to be 3 hours 30 minutes.

TOEFL Test (iBT) Structure

Section Time Limit Questions TasksScore
Reading* 54-72 minutes 30-40 questions Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.0-30
Listening 41-57 minutes 28-39 questions Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions.0-30
Break 10 minutes
Speaking 17 minutes 4 tasks Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.0-30
Writing 50 minutes 2 tasks Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing. 0-30

How is TOEFL scored?

Each section of TOEFL has a max score of 30; the total maximum score is 120. Most universities require a TOEFL score ranging from 80-100. Scores will be posted online within two weeks of the test date. You can view the score online at (yes, you will have to create a login id). You can select up to four institutions to send your score for free (it's included in TOEFL Test fees). You can send your scores to as many institutions as you choose for a fee of US$20 per report. Scores are mailed approximately four to seven days after receipt of your request and payment.

The last question in the reading section (in each set) is worth 2 points, and it may have up to 3 correct answers (out of 6 choices)

TOEFL sample tests with answers

What is the validity of the TOEFL score?

TOEFL score is valid for two years. Within these two years, you can order additional reports at the cost of $20 per institution. You can apply for additional score reports through the ETS Account, by Fax, and by Mail.

How many times can you take TOEFL test?

You can take TOEFL any number of times (you can only take once in 12 days).

How to send TOEFL scores?

You are allowed to send scores to 4 Universities for free. You need to select those universities before your test. You can send additional reports for a fee of $20/report. You have the option of changing the recipient’s information until 10 p.m. on the day before the test. This can be done either through your ETS account online or through the TOEFL official app.

How much time does ETS take to send official TOEFL scores/reports?

Your reports/official score will be sent to schools/colleges in around 13 days after you take the test (remember they are sent via mail and sometimes it may get delayed). Depending on the way in which they send the score, the time it will take for colleges to receive your report are as follows:

Where can I find the institution/department code for TOEFL?

What qualifications are required to give TOEFL?

There are no officially required qualifications. If you are a non-native English speaker and your target college is in an English-speaking country then you might have to show your proficiency in English and TOEFL score might be required.

Should I take TOEFL or IELTS

Well, most Universities worldwide accept both these days, but TOEFL is more popular in the US, and IELTS is popular in Australia, Canada, and Europe. IELTS is now widely accepted in the US. Check your target universities and based on requirements take the corresponding test.

Things to Remember

TOEFL iBT- 2021

TOEFL Practice Tests

TOEFL Prep - Tips

TOEFL Scores