Last Updated: November 21, 2023

The format and syllabus of the test have undergone various changes in the past few years. In 2021, the College Board decided to do away with the Subject Tests and the Optional Essay test. In January 2024, the paper and pencil SAT will be replaced by the digital version. The SAT will go completely digital globally starting in 2024 in America. For international students, it went digital in the spring of 2023. The test pattern and syllabus have been explained in detail on this page to help students understand what they need to know before taking the test.

The Reading and Writing section and the Math section are separated into two equal-length modules, and there is a 10-minute break in between. Each section's first module includes a mixture of questions that are easy, medium, and difficult. The level of difficulty of the second module's questions will vary depending on how well students perform in the first module.

Section | Domains | Number of Questions | Time Allotted |

Reading and Writing Test | - Craft and Structure
- Information and Ideas
- Standard English Conventions
- Expression of Ideas
| 54 questions | 64 minutes (32 minutes per module) |

Math Test | - Algebra
- Advanced Math
- Problem-Solving and Data Analysis
- Geometry and Trigonometry
| 44 questions | 70 minutes (35 minutes per module) |

There were separate sections for writing and reading in the past. These two sections are combined into one with the introduction of Digital SAT. Students will see a greater variety of topics that reflect the kinds of works they'll read in college because the digital SAT Reading and Writing section will consist of many shorter passages rather than a small number of lengthy texts. Rather than having multiple questions linked to a limited number of lengthy passages, each passage (or passage pair) is assigned a single (discrete) question. Students will have 64 minutes to complete the section.

The types of categories in the Reading and Writing Section, along with their respective weights and numbers of questions, are displayed in the table below:

Category | Types of Questions | Number of questions | Weightage |

Craft and Structure | - Terms in Context
- TextÂ Structure and Goals
- Cross-Text References
| 13-15 questions | 28% |

Information and Ideas | - Key Concepts and Specifics
- Evidence Command
- Textual
- Quantitative
- Inferences
| 12-14 questions | 26% |

Standard English Conventions | - Boundaries
- Form, Sense, and Structure
| 11-15 questions | 26% |

Expression of Ideas | - Rhetorical Synthesis
- Transitions
| 8-12 questions | 20% |

The following domains comprise the questions in the math section:

__Algebra-__In addition to analyzing and creating linear equations and inequalities, students will also analyze and solve systems of equations and equationsÂ using a variety of methods.__Advanced Math-__By showcasing their grasp of absolute value, quadratic, exponential, polynomial, rational, radical, and other nonlinear equations, students will show that they are capable of moving on to more challenging math courses.__Problem-Solving and Data Analysis-__Students will comprehend and use unit rates, apply quantitative reasoning to ratios, rates, and proportional relationships, and analyze and interpret data with one and two variables.__Geometry and Trigonometry-__Students will work through problems that center on circles, angles, triangles, and trigonometry, as well as area and volume.

Category | Types of Questions | Number of questions | Weightage |

Algebra | - Linear equations in one variable
- Linear equations in two variables
- Linear functions
- Systems of two linear equations in two variables
- Linear inequalities in one or two variables
| 13-15 questions | 35% |

Advanced Math | - Equivalent expressions
- Nonlinear equations in one variable and systems of equations in two variables
- Nonlinear functions
- Ratios, rates, proportional relationships, and units
- Percentages
- One-variable data: distributions and measures of center and spread
| 13-15 questions | 35% |

Problem Solving and Data Analysis | - Two-variable data: models and scatterplots
- Probability and conditional probability
- Inference from sample statistics and margin of error
- Evaluating statistical claims: observational studies and experiments
| 5-7 questions | 15% |

Geometry and Trigonometry | - Area and volume
- Lines, angles, and triangles
- Right triangles and trigonometry
- Circles
| 5-7 questions | 15% |

Students will be seated at the test coordinator's discretion if their calculator has a raised display that could be seen by other test takers, or if their calculator has characters that are one inch or higher. For testing, only handheld, battery-operated devices are permitted. Calculator power cords are not permitted.

- The calculator must be battery-operated. No power cords are allowed.
- The calculator should be a pocket-size calculator and should not have an unusually large display.
- Students should bring a pack of spare batteries in the off chance that their calculator stops working.
- Students should bring the calculator they have used for SAT practice. Bringing a brand-new calculator is not recommended.
- Although the use of a calculator is permitted for the test, students do not have to use it for those questions necessarily. College Board recommends that students only use a calculator when absolutely needed and remember that they are on a clock.

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